Frederik Willem De Klerk
Joint winner of the Nobel Peace Prize with Nelson Mandela, Frederik Willem De Klerk was one of the most influential South African politicians of the twentieth century
- Former State President of South Africa
- Worked to end apartheid
- 1993 winner of The Nobel Peace Prize, alongside Nelson Mandela
- Awarded a Gold Medal (Outstanding Contribution to Public Discourse) from the College Historical Society
- Founder of the FW de Klerk Foundation
- Topics covered include The New South Africa, Leadership in difficult times and The World Stage
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Frederik Willem De Klerk is known for his work in transforming South African politics. In 1993, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize alongside Nelson Mandela, in recognition of his work to end apartheid and to enable democracy.
Frederik Willem de Klerk was born in Johannesburg on the 18th of March 1936 to a family known for their involvement in and conservative view of South African politics. de Klerk attended Monument High School in Krugersdorp before studying law at Potchefstroom University. After his graduation, he moved to Vereeniging, where he practised law.
In 1969, de Klerk became Vereenigings member of the House of Assembly, becoming Minister of Posts and Telecommunications and Social Welfare and Pensions in 1978. Following this, he went on to occupy numerous crucial roles: 19791980 - Minister for Mines, Energy and Environmental Planning 19801982 - Minister for Mineral and Energy Affairs 19821985 - Minister for Internal Affairs 19841989 - Minister for National Education and Planning In 1982, de Klerk became the Transvaal province leader of the National Party, becoming chairman of the Minister's Council in the House of Assembly three years later.
Despite the fact that he had always been associated with conservative views regarding segregation in society and in education, after many years in politics he became a leading member of a growing group of people within the governing party who were in favour of more liberal policies. By February 1989 de Klerk was the head of the National Party. By the 20th of September in the same year, he became State President.
After taking leadership, de Klerk began to disassemble the segregated society in South Africa. He freed Nelson Mandela, facilitated the ending of apartheid and lifted the ban on the African National Congress (the ANC). Negotiations between the National Party and the African National Congress enabled South Africa to become a democracy. It was due to their contribution to ending apartheid that de Klerk and Nelson Mandela were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993.
Whilst in government, de Klerk was also responsible for the nuclear disarmament of South Africa in the early nineties. de Klerk was deputy president for two years (under Nelson Mandela) after the 1994 election. He retired from politics in 1997.
Post Political Career
The FW de Klerk Foundation was founded by de Klerk in 2000. The organisation promotes peace in multicultural areas and helps to ensure that South Africa is continuing to uphold democracy and support its people, regardless of colour or race. He is currently Chairman of the FW de Klerk Foundation and of the Global Leadership Foundation (GLF), an organisation in which former leaders share their knowledge and wisdom with todays governments. As well as playing an active role in his foundations, de Klerk is currently a speaker and a lecturer. He is an Honorary Chairman of the Prague Society for International Cooperation, and an Honorary Patron of the University Philosophical Society.
de Klerk first married in 1959. He and his wife Marike (ne Willemse) had three children Jan, Willem and Susan de Klerk. The marriage ended with divorce in 1998 after it was revealed that de Klerk had been having an affair with Elita Georgiades. Following their divorces, de Klerk and Georgiades were married.
In 2001, Marike de Klerk was murdered whilst her ex-husband was away in Sweden. de Klerk returned to South Africa immediately on hearing the news.
During a medical examination in 2006, it was discovered that de Klerk had a malignant colon tumour. Despite complications during the operation to remove the tumour, he went on to make a full recovery, also recovering from a triple bypass operation the same year.
- The New South Africa
- Leadership in difficult times
- The World Stage
- The Last Trek: A New Beginning: The Autobiography (1998)
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